When the early church fathers argued that God created the world against the other prevailing theories (and there were many other theories, of course), they sometimes argued from special revelation, but often presented philosophical arguments as well. It is worth a reminder that they never argued from the pseudo-knowledge we call the scientific-method (as the foolishness brought in the from the Enlightenment had not yet been introduced). Consider this passage from Theophilus of Antioch's first letter to Autolycum (I.6) as an example. I love the wonder and imagination he shows as he talks about the thunder.
It is this God alone who made light from darkness [Job 37:15], who brought light out of his treasuries, the storehouses of the south wind [Job 9:9] and the treasuries of the abyss [Ps. 32:7] and the limits of the seas [cf. Job 38:10] and the treasuries of snow and hail [Job 38:22], collecting the waters in the treasuries of the abyss and collecting the darkness in his treasuries [cf. Eccl. 11:7] from his treasuries [Jer. 10:13] and leading forth clouds from the end of the earth and multiplying lightnings into rain [Jer. 10:13; Ps. 134:7]. It is he who sends the thunder [cf. Job 38:35] to terrify and through the lightning announces the crash of the thunder in advance so that the soul may not faint at the sudden tumult. It is he who limits the power of the lightning as it comes down from the heavens so that it will not burn up the earth. For if the lightning got complete control it would burn up the earth; if the thunder did so, it would overturn everything on it [cf. Job 21:15].*
*Theophilus of Antioch, Ad Autolycum (trans. Robert M. Grant; New York: Oxford, 1970).