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Baptist pastor and theologian John Gill has this to say about the Jewish observance of three times of prayer (cf. Psa 55:1;7 Dan 6:10):
The Jews had stated times in the day for prayer. Daniel prayed three times a day; and what these times were we learn from David; “Evening, and morning, and at noon” (Ps. 55:17).
The prayer in the morning, according to Maimonides*, was from sunrising to the end of the fourth hour (or ten o’clock) which is the third part of the day (see Acts 2:15). The prayer at noon, was at the sixth hour (or twelve o’clock), at which time Peter went up to the housetop to pray (Acts 10:9). The evening prayer was at the ninth hour (or three o’clock in the afternoon), about the time of the evening sacrifice; at which time, which was the hour of prayer, Peter and John went up to the temple to pray; at this time we find Cornelius at prayer (Acts 3:1 10:3), and this practice obtained among Christians in early times.
Jerome** speaks of it as a tradition of the church, that the third, sixth, and ninth hours are times for prayer;
and it is a practice laudable enough, where there is leisure from other lawful exercises; and when no stress is laid on the punctual performance of it at these precise times; and is not made a term and condition of acceptance with God; which would bring us back to the covenant of works, ensnare our souls, and entangle us with a yoke of bondage.
What Clemens of Alexandria*** observes, is worthy of notice; some, says he, appoint stated hours for prayer, the third, sixth, and ninth hours; but “the Gnostic [who is endued with the true knowledge of God and divine things] prays throughout his whole life; his whole life is an holy convocation, a sacred festival:” yea it is said of Socrates, the heathen philosopher, to the shame of Christians, “the life of Socrates was full of prayer.”
From the whole of this we learn, that at least a day should not pass over without prayer.
Truly Christian prayer should be without ceasing, but it’d be good if we could even practice three times of prayer each day.
* Hilchot Tephillah, c. 3. s. 1.
** Comment. in Dan. fol. 270. M.
*** Strom. l. 7. p. 722, 728. Maximus Tyrius apud Witsium in Orat. Domin. Exercitat. 2. s. 19. p. 43.